U.S. Airlines’ Misleading, Hypocritical And Protectionist Rhetoric Regarding New Gulf Carrier Service To The U.S. Is Disgraceful
WASHINGTON, DC – Business Travel Coalition and OpenSkies.travel today issued the following statement and analysis.
Emirates Airline yesterday announced new daily
service to begin in March between Dubai and New York Newark with a stop to pick
up passengers in Athens. This service represents a commercial aviation right
negotiated between the United States and the United Arab Emirates, and codified
in an Open Skies agreement. A Fifth Freedom allows a carrier to transport
revenue traffic from its home country to a second country and onto a third
country. It is a core element of the 120 U.S. Open Skies agreements. This
traffic right permits an airline to initiate service in unserved or underserved
markets benefiting consumers, communities and businesses. Emirates' flights
will provide year-round service between Greece and the U.S. for the first time
Some U.S. airlines responded immediately with tired and grossly misleading protectionist rhetoric that 1) Emirates is “flagrantly violating its Open Skies agreement with the United States,” 2) Emirates Airline, Etihad Airways and Qatar Airways (the “Gulf carriers”) have received $50 billion in government subsidies and 3) “for every international flight that U.S. airlines are forced to close due to subsidy-fueled Gulf carrier expansion, economists estimate that over 1,500 American jobs are lost.”
First, that an airline can be in violation of an Open Skies
agreement in the exercise of its negotiated right is patently false and grossly
hypocritical. Indeed, the Japan-U.S. bilateral air transport agreement provides
unlimited fifth freedom traffic rights for U.S. air carriers serving
destinations in Far East Asia beyond Japan. For decades, U.S. airlines such as
Northwest, United and Delta have offered Fifth Freedom flights when it made
commercial sense to do so. In fact, Delta still has a significant Fifth Freedom
operation at Tokyo Narita.
Last year during its campaign opposing greater competitive choice for consumers traveling to Tokyo Haneda, Delta claimed such flights would put its Narita Fifth Freedom hub at risk because in 2015 sixty-four percent of all Delta passengers landing at Narita connected onto Delta Fifth Freedom flights to six Asian cities served by Delta connections from Shanghai and Taipei to Manila and Osaka.
Some U.S. airlines take selective and inconsistent positions taking advantage of Fifth Freedom rights when it benefits them and opposing them – and seeking to deprive consumers, businesses and shippers of the competitive choice they provide – when it does not.
Second, the Gulf carriers have all provided extensive refutation of the claim of $50 billion in government subsidies during the early years of their development and today. That’s not to say that it is not in most governments’ strategic interests to support their fledgling commercial airline industries. Indeed, the U.S. Congressional Research Service reported on massive government subsidies and financial aid to the U.S. airline industry totaling, conservatively, some $155 billion dollars through 1998 in support of that sector’s formation and development. A second recent academic analysis adds additional evidence to bring U.S. airlines’ subsidies and unique advantages to $226 billion dollars through the past couple of years.
Third, the unsupportable and widely discredited claim that 1,500 jobs are lost for every international flight U.S. airlines cancels due to Gulf carrier competition is a silly canard as there is a de minimis number of markets where U.S. carriers have been or are currently competitive rivals with Gulf carriers. Moreover, earlier in their anti-Open Skies campaign these same carriers claimed that the number of job losses per flight was 800 calling into question the credibility of any numbers they assert. Over the years U.S. carriers have largely chosen to ignore markets Gulf carriers serve, or have ceded them to their antitrust-immunized alliance partners. What’s more, U.S. airlines cannot point to a single commercial aviation job lost. In fact, it is just the opposite.
Supported by Gulf carrier-generated U.S. aviation jobs, the U.S. Government reported last week that, “U.S. scheduled passenger airlines employed 3.7 percent more workers in November 2016 than in November 2015, the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics reported today. November was the highest monthly FTE total (416,046) since January 2005 (417,789) and was the 37th consecutive month that U.S. scheduled passenger airline full-time equivalent employment exceeded the same month of the previous year.”
Finally, U.S. Open Skies policy represents the Gold Standard for President Trump-envisioned international bilateral trade agreements that, is this instance, provide consumers new and better competitive choices; generate middle-class aerospace and travel and tourism job growth in communities across the country; support local economic stability and growth; drive a better balance-of-trade through foreign tourists’ dollars; and provide the marketplace discipline necessary to encourage efficient, innovative commercial and cargo air transportation services.
OpenSkies.travel looks forward to working closely with the Trump Administration on policies to make U.S. Air Travel Great Again!